بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد الفاتح لما أغلق والخاتم لما سبق ناصر الحق بالحق والهادي إلى صراطك المستقيم وعلى آله حق قدره ومقداره العظيم

Your questions

Question: Why did Shaikh Ahmed Tidjani, may ALLAH be pleased with him, advised us to recite Surat el Fatiha in this way: the "Basmala" linked with Surat el Fatiha?

Answer:

The following Hadith Qudsi is one of the reasons why our beloved Master Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) advised us to read it this way: 

Abu Bakr As Sadiq (may ALLAH be satisfied with him) related:

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Question : Why do you spread a white sheet (cloth) in the middle of your gathering for the evocation (sitting for the wazifa)? What do you reply to people who says this practice is a bid’a (innovation)?

Answer :

The reason for this cloth during the recitation of the wazifa in congregation is that before the blessed zawiya of Fes was built, the zikr assembly took place in a corridor in the house of Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret). Because many people used this corridor, in order to guarantee the purity of the place, Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) used to put a cloth upon which he and his companions would sit.

Subsquently, this custom was maintain, even after the construction of the blessed Zawiya, and became a meritorious act during the recitation in congregation. It is not a condition of validity: that is to say whether we put a cloth or not has no consequences on the validity of the zikr. Laying a cloth also symbolizes honouring the presence of the angels by putting that which brings additional purity and, for the Tidjani disciple, it also honours the presence of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and the four Caliphs (may ALLAH be pleased to them) because he believes that at the seventh bead (of the recitation of the Djawharatou-l-Kamel), their spirits are present, by the grace of Divine Power.

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Question : What is the Faydu? Did Sheikh Tidjani talk about this? What should we believe, and who is concerned?

Answer :

Fayda refers to an arabic term signifying « outpouring». In spiritual terms, this refers to a spiritual over-abundance. With regards to the Tariqa Tidjaniya, and specifically in Sub-Saharan Africa, this term is often used to refer to one or several particular people.

In order to understand the meaning of the Tidjani Faydu, we need to know that this had been mentioned in El Ifadatou-l-Ahmediya by Sidi Tayeb Sefiani (may ALLAH be pleased with him) where Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) said: “The Fayda will come upon my companions and then people will enter our Tariqa by successive waves (in multitudes) and this outpouring will occur when people will be in the most difficult and tight situations.

On this, Sidi Tayeb (may ALLAH be pleased with him) commented: “By this spiritual outpouring, he meant that many of his companions will receive the spiritual opening and this time is not far away.”

Most of the scholars of the Tariqa commented that this Fayda represents a period of great expansion of the Tariqa, when others considers that this refers to a specific person.

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Question: Is it true that Tidjani practitionners claim that the prayer called Salat Fatihi is superior to reading the noble Quran?

Answer: This affirmation is absolutely wrong. In the book Djawahirou-l-Ma’ani, Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) said :

“The prominence of the Quran over all other words, whether they are formulas of Zikr or prayers upon the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), including Salat Fatihi, is more radiant than the sun. This radiance is implementing in the very principles of the Shari’a itself (Quran and the authentic prophetic hadith).

This prominence has two main reasons: 

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