بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد الفاتح لما أغلق والخاتم لما سبق ناصر الحق بالحق والهادي إلى صراطك المستقيم وعلى آله حق قدره ومقداره العظيم

Sheikh Ahmed Tidjani

May ALLAH be satisfied with him

Sidi Muhammad ibn Sulayman Mana’i Tunsi was a scholar who mastered both exoteric and esoteric knowledge, gathering together the merits and the blessings that had been scattered. He was loved by Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) who looked upon him with respect because of his sincere love and elevated aspiration.

He was strongly attached to the rope of the Sunnah, holding it tightly. He always spoke out when he noticed an innovation or somebody practicing one. One day, Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) asked him: “What do you think of me” and he answered: “I accept and practice what I see in you which conforms to the Law, and when I see the contrary, I leave it aside.” Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) answered (or words to that effect): “Stay that way, but do not criticize things that you do not understand, thinking that you are right when in fact you are not.” Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) looked upon him with approval both in his presence and in his absence and covered him with his love. He was among the special scholars of this Tariqa.

He took the Tariqa in Fes because he had gone to study there. He used to go to the zawiya with a student who was one of Seyyidina’s companion (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), and sat a certain distance from the brothers while waiting for his companion.

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Sidi Muhammad ibn Abbas Semghouni (may ALLAH pleased with him) was one of his special Muqaddam who had received the authorization to transmit the litanies of this Tariqa Muhammadiya (at his time). Due to his love, compassion and deep-rootedness, he was raised to a respectable rank with Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret).

He is among the meritorious whose station collided with that of Sidi Muhammad ibn Mechri (may ALLAH pleased with him) and so both of them were afflicted with excessive mutual jealousy and rivalry so much that this impacted the brothers in Bussemghun and consequently they divided into two groups. When this information reached Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), he asked them for the reason and they answered: “Muhammad ibn Abbas is jealous of Ibn Mechri and Ibn Mechri is jealous of Muhammad ibn Abass, this jealousy has spread to the followers of both.” Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) said to them: “My companions are one, and he who knows me, must know me alone.” From then on, the brothers were united as one and this jealousy turned away from them. Of course, we should avoid having a bad opinion of them because these circumstances appeared in order to throw light on the secret of this education and the proper way to follow it.

All the inhabitants of Bussemghun, felt deep love for Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) so much so, that when he left the village, they all wanted to leave their region and go with him, wishing only to live in the place that he would have chosen. Regarding this, Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) said to them: “Know that a Wali only leaves a place if his heart has changed regarding the inhabitants of that place. For you, if I leave your place, it is not for this reason, but for another. Your old and your young are all my beloved, you will always be so, and if you were all in a basket without handles, I would take you into my arms and carry you across the Sirat Bridge.” Then, he instructed them to stay in their town and they complied with his order.

Research and translation by Zawiya Tidjaniya el Kubra in Lyon, France

The Muqaddam of obvious merits, who always hastened to perform good deeds, Sidi Muhammad ibn Hirzullah (may ALLAH pleased with him), was originally from Algeria. His aspiration was truly elevated and he was firmly attached to the rope of the Tariqa.

Among the events that he lived with Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), it is said that once he was riding his mount to visit Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret). He wanted to ask him three questions. The first concerned wet cupping by night. The second concerned holding the beads (subha) in the left hand and the last concerned Imam Mehdi, the Sultan of Truth.

It just so happened that when he reached Seyyidina’s house (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), night had already fallen. He requested permission to enter and permission was granted. At the time when he was preparing to join Seyyidina, even before having met him, he heard him say: “Bring me the person who applies the cups so that he can bleed me.” Sidi Hirzullah (may ALLAH be pleased with him) thought to himself: « Here is the answer to my first question. »

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Among them is Sidi Muhammad El Ghali (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the knower, the guide towards God, the example of perfect conduct, the well-known Wali of great apparent prodigies, of noble character, of exemplary disposition. This remarkable man was among the elite of the elite of the companions of Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret). He was also one of the ten people who had received from the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) the guarantee of the great opening, and one of the pillars of the Tariqa.

Before his departure to the holy places, Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) had qualified him in the Tariqa and instructed him to appoint four Muqaddam : each one of them, in turn, would appoint four others and not more. This special status was only valid during Tidjani’s lifetime. When he returned from the holy lands the restriction in the number of muqaddam was lifted.

Sidi Muhammad el Ghali (may ALLAH be pleased with him) was among those who spread the Tariqa both in the East and in the West, and it is he who brought it to Sub-Saharan Africa (Formerly West Sudan) due to his encounter with his well-beloved disciple, the warrior of the faith Sidi Hajj Omar Futiyu (may ALLAH be pleased with him). The latter had recounted the circumstances surrounding their meeting in his famous book “Rimah”:

« Upon reaching a certain region, I heard that Sidi Muhammad el Ghali (may ALLAH be pleased with him) was there, staying at the Noble city of Mecca and so I was overwhelmed with great joy. I begged ALLAH The Most High to allow me to meet him, and through His Grace, ALLAH granted my request. And thus ALLAH reunited me with him in the majestic city of Mecca, after the Asr prayer, in front of the Station of Ibrahim.

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