Sultan Sulayman (may ALLAH pleased with him) was a righteous Imam and diligent scholar who received the Tariqa from Seïdina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), having received the authorization from the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) asserted that Sultan Sulayman was indeed one of his descendants.
Sultan Sulayman (may ALLAH pleased with him) witnessed the prodigies of Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) which reinforced his faith in him. In addition, the Sultan rejected the words of those who opposed Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) (who were numerous at that time).
It has been related that he often requested Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) to enable him to see the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in an awakened state. Our master (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) would reply: “I fear that you are unable to bear this. ”
Sultan Sulayman (may ALLAH pleased with him) was so persistent that Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) could not convince him to renounce, and so, ultimately, he granted his request. For this purpose, first and foremost, Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) recommended secrecy, then to dedicate a pure and totally empty place, exclusively for this, and lastly, to be alone.
Sultan Sulayman (may ALLAH pleased with him), prepared everything according to the instructions, and when he decided to enter the place, he was overwhelmed by hayba (tremendous pious reverential fear). Due to this, he was incapable of remaining alone inside to recite the special zikr that he had received . Seeing his considerable emotions, he requested Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) to accompany him in person.
Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) granted his wish, and together they entered the place that was dedicated to the reception of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). While he was reciting, an intense light appeared that filled the room with Muhammadian Lights (Anwar al Muhammadiya). The intensity was such that Sultan Sulayman (may ALLAH be pleased with him) fainted.
When he woke up, he found that Seyyidina’s hand (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) was placed on his chest; and then Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) said: “You are fine, and the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) has ensured you this and that. ” Sultan Sulayman (may ALLAH be pleased with him) replied: “May ALLAH reward you, for indeed, you had warned me that I would not be able to endure this and now I have seen for myself.”
Here follows one of the letters that Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) had sent to the Sultan (or words to that effect):
“In the Name of God, and may the prayer and the peace be upon the Prophet, he who holds the most honorable and respectable station, the accomplishment of majesty and the attainment of generosity, the Master who has attained the pinnacle of glory.
This letter is addressed to our master of noble descent, of gentle character and perfect morality, he who honors and uplifts the Khalifa of Islam, the Muhammadiyan practitioner, source of refuge for both city dwellers and nomads, Mawlana prince of believers, the master Sulayman ben Muhammad, may ALLAH come to his aid and grant him glorious victory, may he be elevated to the highest eternal bliss, may he forever stroll in the gardens of divine gifts.
We request ALLAH, may He be glorified, to register you among the blessed both here on Earth and in the Hereafter, may He look upon you through a gaze of benevolence and love, may He grant you His special gifts, victory and protection in this world and in the eternal life. We ask Him that the day of reunion with Him be a day of celebration, of happiness, and of divine hospitality. We beseech ALLAH to act towards you with His Grace and His Approval both on this Earth and in the Hereafter. We beg Him that His soldiers surround you, wherever you are, and help you.
We appeal to Him to purify through you both His servants and the country, to strengthen, through you, the pillars of faith and religion, and, through you, to bring forth peace and blessings for all Muslims, to be your Ally, Succor, Help and protection. We supplicate ALLAH to enhance the state of your heart to the degree of the awakening in ALLAH so that your body may be (entirely) devoted to the servitude to ALLAH.
I advise you to respect both the orders and the interdictions of ALLAH, as He said:
« O you who have believed, fear Allah . And let every soul look to what it has put forth for tomorrow - and fear Allah . Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do. And be not like those who forgot Allah, so He made them forget themselves. Those are the defiantly disobedient. Not equal are the companions of the Fire and the companions of Paradise. The companions of Paradise - they are the attainers [of success]. » Surat 59 v18-20
«He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment. » Surat 33 v70-71
« And fear a Day when you will be returned to Allah . Then every soul will be compensated for what it earned, and they will not be treated unjustly. » Surat2 v281
«And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And We have instructed those who were given the Scripture before you and yourselves to fear Allah. But if you disbelieve - then to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And ever is Allah Free of need and Praiseworthy. » Surat 4 v131
« O mankind, fear your Lord and fear a Day when no father will avail his son, nor will a son avail his father at all. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth, so let not the worldly life delude you and be not deceived about Allah by the Deceiver. » Surat 31 v33
In the meditation of the verses of ALLAH, there is guidance, advice, food for thought and lessons for you. Nourish yourself with “a treatment of” patience and (inner) reinforcement. Indeed, this is the cure for he who habitually follows his passions, abandoning himself to them, and defying the divine prescriptions.
May peace and mercy be upon our master and all those in his service, his kith and kin, his servants, his friends and his companions, “on behalf of the intimate friend who is writing this to you”, the poor servant in ALLAH, Ahmed ibn Muhammad Tidjani, may ALLAH grant him grace in both this world and the hereafter.
I have a serious and important matter to transmit to you from the Master of Existence, source (“river”) of generosity, Seyyidina Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), who said:
“Write a letter to our son Sulayman ibn Muhammad, prince of believers, tell him that there is nothing of greater merit and worth on this Earth than my wird which I have dictated to you. Tell him to recite it because it is through this recitation that ALLAH will take charge of purifying his life both in this world and the hereafter. Inform him that there is nothing more meritorious and more important on this Earth than my invocation that I had dictated to Ali ibn Abi Taleeb (may ALLAH be pleased with him) known as Sayfiyu. It is through the reading of this invocation that ALLAH dispels all calamities both apparent and internal and brings good fortune both on this Earth and in the hereafter.
Teach him Salat al-Istikharah (prayer requesting guidance/prayer seeking goodness from ALLAH) that I taught you, and also the reading of the Fatiha seven times placing the intention on the Name, after all the prayers. He should endeavour to recite the prayer upon me with Salatul Fatihi as often as possible. It is through continuous effort in this that ALLAH will purify his situation both internally and externally. Teach him as far as possible the merits of Salatul Fatihi.”
Thus, concludes the words that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) instructed me to transmit to you. Know that my spiritual state with him is that of a servant and his king. He cannot request anything, neither does he have the right to question, and he owns nothing of the king. If the king ordains, he merely executes, with no personal initiative. He simply sits in his presence in silence and with adab. For many years, while educating me, he has forbidden me to ask or question him.
The wird that he dictated to me (and that he ordered me to transmit to others), is as follows:
- one hundred times Istigfar
- one hundred times Salatul Fatihi
- one hundred times La ilaha illa ALLAH
So recite this once in the morning and once in the evening. In the morning, it is between the Subh prayer and the Duha prayer, and in the evening, it is between Asr prayer and Isha prayer. He had told me that whosoever recites his wird assiduity, ALLAH will admit him to Paradise, as well as his parents, his wives and his children without judgement and without chastisement. He will suffer no chastisement from the hour of his death until he abides in Paradise. As for his message concerning Salatul Fatihi, the reading of the Fatiha placing the intention on the Name, Sayfiyu and Salat al-Istikharah (prayer requesting guidance/prayer seeking goodness from ALLAH), I will advise you in another letter.
May the prayers of ALLAH be upon His Prophet. Salam “
It has been said that when they met, Sultan Suleyman (may ALLAH be pleased with him) elevated his honor and offered him a residence known in Fes as “the house of mirrors”, but Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) refused it because of a certain feeling of annoyance. The Sultan noticed this and spoke to him so as to alleviate his hesitation, and assuage any problem in this regard.
Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) informed his close companions, that having received the authorization from the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), he would indeed live in this property and that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had also instructed him to donate the equivalent of the rent to the poor. Thus, until he passed away, every month he distributed the equivalent of the rent in bread.
When Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) received the official authorization from the Sultan (may ALLAH be pleased with him) to build the Zawiya in Fes, the Sultan sent him two pouches, each containing one thousand riyals and said: “Use this for the construction.” However Seyyidina (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) returned them saying: “The matter of the Zawiya is taken care of by ALLAH directly.” Nonetheless, the noble Sultan insisted that he keep the pouches of money and so Seyyidina Ahmed (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) accepted them but refuse to use them for the expenses of the Zawiya and gave away all the money to the poor and the needy.
Sultan Suleyman passed away in Marrakesh on Thursday 13th Rabi’ el Awwal 1238 and his tomb is famous there.
Research and translation by Zawiya Tidjaniya el Kubra in Lyon, France