بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد الفاتح لما أغلق والخاتم لما سبق ناصر الحق بالحق والهادي إلى صراطك المستقيم وعلى آله حق قدره ومقداره العظيم

Sheikh Ahmed Tidjani

May ALLAH be satisfied with him

The majestic Sherif Sidi Mulay Muhammad ben Abi Nasr El Alawi (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the great Wali, famous knower, endowed with prodigies of great importance, renowned for his piety, perfection among both the knowers and the ignorant, hailed from Fes where he was brought up and educated. He is well-known for his merit to such an extent that his sainthood was recognized both among the elite and the ordinary men alike.

This master was among both the greatest Knowers and the elite of the elite. He was also one of the ten companions to whom the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had promised knowledge of ALLAH (The Glorified, The Exalted) and the great spiritual opening, as it had been announced by Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret). He was a member of the close company of Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani’s (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) elite for many years. During all this time, Sherif Sidi Mulay Muhammad ben Abi Nasr El Alawi (may ALLAH be pleased with him) only left his side for a short instant, when necessary as much by day and by night. He did not neglect a single obligation behind Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) during the sixteen years that he spent with him and he manifested too many prodigies to count.

Sherif Sidi Mulay Muhammad ben Abi Nasr El Alawi (may ALLAH be pleased with him) used to say that, in the beginning, he only frequented Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) because of his stomach: that is to say he only sought Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani’s (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) company because he had a lot of food in his house. At the time, Sidi Mulay Muhammad ben Abi Nasr El Alawi (may ALLAH be pleased with him) enjoyed eating, and Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) gave him more food than he could hope for. Eventually, love for Seyyidina took root in his heart and through this love, ALLAH (The Glorified, The Exalted) granted him the spiritual opening in this Tariqa. In this way, he obtained what he obtained and achieved what he achieved in his role as Caliph and his great mastery of the Tariqa. He was sometimes overcome by strange states which led the ordinary and the elite to believe that he was following the path of the Malamati, and this provided him with a way to hide his secrets. Most of those to whom ALLAH has granted the spiritual opening on this path demonstrate similar states and this was confirmed by Sidi Mulay Muhammad ben Abi Nasr El Alawi (may ALLAH be pleased with him).

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It is he who brought together the stations of knowledge and piousness, firmly anchored to the rope of the Sharia, the follower of the straightest path and the holder of the most rare and precious qualities: Sidi Muhammad el Kebir (may ALLAH be satisfied with him), son of the Hidden Pole Sidi Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret).

He was born in Bussemghun in 1212 of the hegira and his mother was the honourable lady Mabruka. He took the Tariqa from our master Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) but according to our information, he was not authorized to transmit the noble wird. However, Sidi Hajj Ali Tamacini (may ALLAH be satisfied with him) gave him his authorization for certain special evocations. Sidi Muhammad El Kebir (may ALLAH be satisfied with him) has never named a Muqaddam and those who claimed to have been appointed by him have no basis for their claim.

He is among those who survived Seyyidina Sheikh Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH be satisfied with him) along with his brother Sidi Muhammad El Habib As-Seghir (may ALLAH be satisfied with him), for although Seyyidina Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) had many children, both boys and girls, most of them died in Fes. Among them was a daughter, Sayda Fatima, who was buried in the cemetery of Bab El Ftouh near the town.

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Among the companions, the great scholar, perspicacious and endowed with understanding, the Malikite, practitioner of the most righteous knowledge, custodian of secrets and knowledge, pundit of the Tariqa Tidjaniya, the sherif of great worth Abu Abdallah Sidi Muhammad Ibn Mechri (may ALLAH be pleased with him). He was one of the elite among the elite of the companions of Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), among those who inherited from the source of revealed knowledge and who had access to certain secrets of the world of mysteries.

Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) nominated him Imam for the prayer, and scribe to compose his letters and answers, to write what he heard or what was dictated to him. His first encounter with Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) was in 1188, the year that he returned from pilgrimage to Tlemcen. Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) transmitted the khalwatiya path to his companion, custodian of his secrets, the great scholar Sidi Muhammad Ibn Mechri El Hassani As-sa-ihi At-Touqourti (may ALLAH be pleased with him). Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) also gave him other secrets and other azkar and he stayed with him until he died in 1224.

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I - His origins

It is unanimously recognised among both the elite and the common scholars of this Tariqa that Sidi Hajj Ali Tamacini (may ALLAH be pleased with him) is of noble and purified prophetic descent (lineage). The elite and the special saints such as Sidi Muhammad El Habib (may ALLAH be pleased with him), son of Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), bore witness to this. When Sidi Muhammad El Habib (may ALLAH be pleased with him) wrote to him, after the laudatory salutations, praised him in this way: “Sidi Hajj Ali Tamacini el Hassani (that is to say the descendant of Hassan, son of Ali and Fatima, may ALLAH be pleased with them).” This testimony from the beloved Sidi Muhammad El Habib (may ALLAH be pleased with him) who had received the warranty of the divine knowledge from the Prophet himself (peace and blessings be upon him) is sufficient. Sidi Ibrahim Riyahi (may ALLAH be pleased with him), the pious scholar and great companion of Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret), also referred to his status as “Sherif” in a poem:

“The Sabt of the best creature upholds him 
Through both a spiritual and physical lineage”

His status as Sherif was confirmed, among other things, by the fact that Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) established him at the station known Ghawth (Supreme Succour or Supreme Pole) and that of great Calipha of the Tidjaniya for approximately thirty years. Had he not been of noble prophetic descent, he would not have been able to bear this heavy burden for such a long time.

Indeed, the spiritual scholars and the virtuous know that whoever attains the station of the Great Qutbaniya without being of Sherifian descent, would not be able to assume this task for any length of time, because he would die and leave this earthly life for the hereafter. The reason for this is that his earthly body does not contain the fragrance of Muhammadian secret which is specific to his noble and purified descendants. Likewise, it is because of this particular prophetic secret that our Masters, the Poles who are descendants of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), were able to attain that which the Poles who were not of Sherifian ancestry were unable to attain. Sidi Hajj Ali Tamacini (may ALLAH be pleased with him) was able to remain at this station for such a long time by the grace of this specificity.

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